Keyword Analysis & Research: explain the gate control theory

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What is the pain gate control theory?

The pain gate control theory is a simple way to understand how you feel pain and how to control acute and chronic pain. Simply put: non-noxious stimuli can get through the gate to your brain while preventing painful feelings from getting to your brain. This model of pain control can help you find the best approach to eliminating your pain.

What is the gate control process?

A Closer Look at the Gate Control Process. When there is more large fiber activity in comparison to pain fiber activity, people tend to experience less pain. This means that the pain gates are closed. Pain fibers impede the inhibitory interneurons, allowing pain information to travel up to the brain.

What is the gate-control theory?

The gate-control theory ( Melzack & Wall 1965) states that in each dorsal horn there exists a ‘gate’ responsible for inhibiting or facilitating afferent impulses. The control of this ‘gate’ depends upon the relative activity in large-diameter (A-beta) fibres and small-diameter (A-delta and C-) fibres.

What are the flaws of the gate control theory?

Some suggest that the theory contains flaws based on human biology. For instance, it contradicts the notion that all excitatory neuron axon terminals are excitatory and all inhibitory neuron axon terminals are inhibitory. 2 Even Melzack himself later admitted that the gate control theory failed to explain both phantom pain and chronic pain issues.

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