Keyword Analysis & Research: status epilepticus therapie


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What is status epilepticus (SE)?

Introduction Status epilepticus is a neurological emergency requiring immediate evaluation and management to prevent significant morbidity or mortality.

What are the treatment options for status epilepticus?

Typically, in Stage 1 (early status epilepticus), therapy is with benzodiazepines. If seizures continue despite this therapy, the patient is said to be in Stage 2 (established status epilepticus) and therapy is with intravenous anti-epileptic drugs such as phenytoin, phenobarbital or valproate.

What are the causes of status epilepticus?

Status epilepticus has many causes. Some can be prevented such as low blood glucose or alcohol and drug abuse. Individuals who have epilepsy must take their medicine as directed. A seizure that lasts more than 5 minutes, or having more than 1 within a 5 minute period is an emergency that requires immediate medical care.

What is non-convulsive status epilepticus (NSE)?

Non-convulsive status epilepticus is defined as seizure activity identified on an electroencephalogram (EEG) with no accompanying tonic-clonic movements. Focal motor status epilepticus involves the refractory motor activity of a limb or a group of muscles on one side of the body with or without loss of consciousness is myoclonic status epilepticus.


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