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A scientific theory is an explanation of an aspect of the natural world and universe that has been repeatedly tested and verified in accordance with the scientific method, using accepted protocols of observation, measurement, and evaluation of results. Where possible, theories are tested under controlled conditions in an experiment.What does the word theory mean to a scientist?
In science, a theory is an explanation of the natural world that has been repeatedly tested and verified using the scientific method. In common usage, the word "theory" means something very different. It could refer to a speculative guess. Scientific theories are testable and falsifiable.What does the scientific theory explain?
A scientific theory is a verifiable explanation of natural phenomenon. For example, the theory of gravity explains why an apple always falls to the ground when dropped. A law, on the other hand, is an observation. In simpler terms, a law predicts what happens and a theory explains why.Is a scientific theory the same thing as a hypothesis?
Though you may hear the terms "theory" and "hypothesis" used interchangeably, these two scientific terms have drastically different meanings in the world of science.