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What is the anatomy and physiology of the renal system?

Within each kidney, there are about 1 million nephrons, and each nephron is made up of a renal corpuscle and a renal tubule. The renal corpuscle is where blood filtration starts and it includes the glomerulus - the tiny bed of capillaries - and the Bowman’s capsule which is made of renal cells that surround the glomerulus.

What is the gross anatomy of the urinary system?

The purpose of the urinary system (Figure 1) is to filter the blood, separating that which needs to be retained, from that which must be eliminated. Figure 1. Gross anatomy of the urinary system: The kidneys filter blood and produce urine. The urine leaves the kidneys through the ureters, and is stored in the bladder.

What are the functions of the urinary system Quizlet?

functions of the urinary system - Maintain balance of body fluids and concentration of electrolytes - Remove nitrogenous wastes (urea, creatinine, and uric acid) - Regulates blood pressure via hormone renin (vasodilation) - Hematopoesis (rbc production) via hormone erythropoietin (which travels to red marrow to stimulate rbc production)

What is the physiology of the urinary system?

The urinary system's primary function is to remove waste products from the blood and remove them from the body in the form of urine. Also known as the urinary tract or excretory system, the typical urinary system includes two kidneys, two ureters, the bladder, and the urethra. Urine is made in the kidneys in three stages: filtration, reabsorption and secretion.


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