Status epilepticus is defined as a seizure with 5 minutes or more of continuous clinical and/or electrographic seizure activity or recurrent seizure activity without recovery between seizures. The findings of convulsive status epilepticus include generalized tonic-clonic movements of the extremities and impaired mental status.How is status epilepticus (SE) managed?
Status epilepticus is best managed by an interprofessional team that includes emergency and neurology nurses. Pharmacists are responsible for making sure medications are readily available. To improve outcomes, clinicians should avoid unnecessary imaging studies or laboratory workup when the patient is having a seizure.What is the mortality and morbidity of status epilepticus (SE)?
A significant proportion of both children (16 to 38%) and adults (42 to 50%) with status epilepticus have a history of epilepsy. The short-term mortality (within 30 days) of status epilepticus ranges from 7.6 to 22% across all age groups and is highest amongst the elderly.What is non-convulsive status epilepticus (NSE)?
Non-convulsive status epilepticus is defined as seizure activity identified on an electroencephalogram (EEG) with no accompanying tonic-clonic movements. Focal motor status epilepticus involves the refractory motor activity of a limb or a group of muscles on one side of the body with or without loss of consciousness is myoclonic status epilepticus.