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Routine activity theory, from Cohen and Felson (1979), emphasizes that crime occurs when three elements converge: (1) a motivated offender, (2) a suitable target, and (3) the absence of a capable guardian. This theory includes the routine activities of both offender and victim.What are the four circumstances of routine activities theory?
Routine activities theory seeks to explain the occurrence of crime events as the confluence of four circumstances (Cohen and Felson, 1979; Felson, 1986,1994). First, there must be a motivated offender. Second, there must be a desirable target.Third, the target and the offender must be at the same place at the same time.Why did Cohen and Felson develop routine activities theory?
Routine Activities Theory and Crime Rates Cohen and Felson originally developed routine activities theory to explain why crime rates in many western countries increased instead of decreased between the 1950s and the 1970s. Many older criminological theories had said that crime is related to poverty: If poverty goes down, then crime goes down.Is Crime Pattern theory more useful than routine activities theory?
It would seem that crimespecific explanations may show that for some events, crime pattern theory is a particularly useful explanation; for other events, routine activities theory offers greater insights; and for a third group of events, some combination of the two theories is needed.