Keyword Analysis & Research: routine activities theory critique

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What are the criticisms of routine activity theory?

As in any theory, routine activity theory has its criticisms. One of the primary criticisms is the assumption that criminals are rational in their decision-making. They may not use the same rationale as the person implementing the security measures. They may not even be aware of the situational crime prevention techniques put into effect.

What are the three components of routine activity theory?

Routine Activity Theory Routine activity theory, from Cohen and Felson (1979), emphasizes that crime occurs when three elements converge: (1) a motivated offender, (2) a suitable target, and (3) the absence of a capable guardian. This theory includes the routine activities of both offender and victim.

What is routine activities theory in criminal law?

Routine activities theory says that offenders make choices about whether or not to commit a crime based on their access to a suitable target and the presence — or lack thereof — of capable guardianship that could potentially bring repercussions to the offender.

What is a suitable target in routine activities theory?

For a crime to happen in routine activities theory, a motivated offender must identify and engage a suitable target. The concept of a suitable target can take on a number of different forms that depend on the nature of the crime and the situational context.

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