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'Love hormone' is two-faced: Oxytocin strengthens bad memories and can increase fear and anxiety. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 10, 2021 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/07/130722123206.htm Northwestern University. "'Love hormone' is two-faced: Oxytocin strengthens bad memories and can increase fear and anxiety."What is the role of oxytocin in the brain?
Oxytocin is also a hormone, meaning that the brain releases it into the bloodstream to communicate with the body. For a little brain chemical, oxytocin has some big jobs—it plays a role in sex, childbirth, bonding, social interaction, emotions, and many other functions important to us mammals.Why is oxytocin two-faced?
Oxytocin appears to be the reason stressful social situations, perhaps being bullied at school or tormented by a boss, reverberate long past the event and can trigger fear and anxiety in the future. That's because the hormone actually strengthens social memory in the brain. It turns out the love hormone oxytocin is two-faced.Can oxytocin trigger anxiety in humans?
Ironically, evidence of the ability of oxytocin to trigger anxiety in humans has recently emerged. Under times of social defeat or trauma, oxytocin appears to target a specific area of the brain that reinforces fear-based memories.