Neuron Structure - How Your Brain Works | HowStuffWorks
Neurons have three basic parts: Cell body or soma. ... If the cell body dies, the neuron dies. Axon. This long, cablelike projection of the cell carries the electrochemical message (nerve impulse or action potential) along the length of the cell. Depending upon the type of neuron, axons can be covered with a thin layer of myelin sheath, like an ...
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