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Decortication is a type of surgical procedure performed to remove a fibrous tissue that has abnormally formed on the surface of the lung, chest wall or diaphragm. Generally, there is a space (called pleural space) in between the lungs and the chest wall, which is lined with a very thin fluid layer for lubrication.What is decortication of the lungs?
Decortication surgery aims to remove this fibrous layer and allow the lung to expand, decrease breathing problems and other lung symptoms. When the peel is removed, the elasticity of the chest wall returns, and the lung can expand and deflate. Why is decortication performed?What is decorticate posturing?
Decorticate posturing — a sign of severe damage to the brain — is a specific type of involuntary abnormal posturing of a person. Decorticate posture is stiff with legs held out straight, fists clenched, and arms bent to hold the hands on the chest.What is decortication of the pleura?
Decortication is a surgical procedure that removes the restrictive layer of fibrous tissue overlying an organ. It is mostly performed to remove the fibrous layer over the lung, chest wall, and diaphragm . Pleura is a thin membrane that lines the outer surface of the lungs (visceral pleura) and the inner surface of the chest wall (parietal pleura).