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Lung Decortication. Lung Decortication Lung decortication is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of a dysfunctional layer covering the lungs known as the pleural membrane. The primary aim of performing lung decortication is to be able to promote proper lung expansion and chest wall compliance.What is the pleural lining of the lung?
A pleural effusion is a collection of fluid in the space between the two linings (pleura) of the lung. When we breathe, it is like a bellows. We inhale air into our lungs and the ribs move out and the diaphragm moves down. For the lung to expand, its lining has to slide along with the chest wall movement.